Tesse Stek (KNIR - Royal Netherlands Institute in Rome)

The impact of Roman colonization on hillforts and other upland sites in the Southern Apennines: new data from the Upper Volturno area (IS, Molise)

Abstract: This paper presents the results of a research project on the impact of Roman republican colonization on the settlement organization in the southern Apennine mountains. In the area of the Upper Volturno, where the Latin colony of Aesernia in Molise was established in 263 BC, we investigated a series of fortified and other large sites on mountain- and hilltops.

To counter the difficulties in studying the upland terrain, covered with shrubs and forests or heavily eroded, we developed a mix of specific landscape archaeological methods, including lidar, aerial archaeology and point sampling. The results add to the longstanding debate on the development and function of these large upland sites, and their fate after the Roman conquest of the area.