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TRANSPORT

  • Transport

Human-Machine Interface Analysis and Design

Good HMI designs have been identified as factors contributing to increase comfort, reduce errors, diminish workload, and improve performance. Designing good HMI is also fundamental in order to foster users's experience and acceptance of technology. The transport sector is evolving at a tremendous fast pace and this highlights the importance of studying Human-Machine interactions.

Technology acceptance models applied to ITS

Recent technological advancements and their application to the transport domain represent a great opportunity to decrease the number of crashes and accidents, as long as increasing users comfort and safety. Though, new technologies are doomed to fail if not accepted and adopted by users. Users' beliefs and attitudes toward the technology, perceived behavioral control, trust, usefulness and ease of use are are key elements that can ultimately determine user's behavioral intention to use the technology. Our team is expert in applying different technology acceptance models to the Intelligent Transport Systems' domain.

User awareness in Automated vehicles

Thanks to the latest technological developments, tests with driver-less cars are being currently performed in every continent. Autonomous vehicles are seen as a groundbreaking innovation, with the potential to change traffic environment, urban planning and even how the people see mobility. These changes represent an opportunity, but at the same time it is important to foster research efforts in order to make the change fluent and without negative surprises. Our team has a deep interest in studying people's attitudes and preferences toward automated vehicles, users' behavioral adaptation processes, the social dilemma of autonomous vehicles as long as other related topics. Fundamental Human Factors challenges are to ensure safety, ease of use, trust, acceptance and comfort, for users/passengers of automated vehicles. Likewise, a safe and acceptable interaction with other road users including pedestrians and cyclists needs to be established.

Errors and Violations

Human behaviour accounts for a majority of road accidents. Our team is interested in studying both intentional non-compliance with the rules (i.e., violations) and unintentional deviations of behaviours from their expected outcomes (i.e., errors). Our research focuses on their nature and characteristics, their determinants, and the mechanisms through which they affect crash and near crash occurrence.

Human Factors Methods for Accident Analysis

In the transportation domain, understanding accidents causation, anticipating, and preventing the occurrence of such event in the future is of utmost importance. Accident analysis is a key theme within the Human Factors and Ergonomic research and intervention framework. Our approach is oriented to study the human performance in the road network environment, understanding what are the elements than can enhance the safety and efficiency of the systems, and designing tailored interventions for specif situations.

Social and Cultural aspects in Transport

Cultural differences in social norms and transport preferences constitute the basis for several dissimilarities in transport behaviour between countries. Our research interests concern how these and other cultural determinants of differences in transport affect travel mode choice and potentially dangerous road behaviours.