Biofuel production

TCR® (Thermo-Catalytic Reforming)

The TCR® (Thermo-Catalytic Reforming) technology converts biomass residues from agricultural, forestry, industry and municipal operations into high quality synthesis gas, bio-oil and bio-char. Low grade feedstock such as animal manure, digestate, sewage sludge and organic waste even with residual plastics content can be processed. All types of lignocellulosic residues from plantations and processing, such as pruning and logging chips, oil and fruit pomace and also animal by-products from the food industry can be treated.

A 2 kg/h pilot unit is used to produce biochar and for optimisation studies of the solid, liquid and gaseous products through the use of ad hoc additives added to the biomass during the loading phase.


The TO-SYN-FUEL Project aims to produce green hydrogen, green diesel and gasoline from dried sewage sludge through new integrated process combining Thermo-Catalytic Reforming (TCR®), hydrogen separation through pressure swing adsorption (PSA), and hydro deoxygenation (HDO).

The demonstration unit’s capacity goes from 300 to 500 kg/hr. A pre-commercial scale deployment is being marked by processing up to 2,100 tonnes per year of dried sewage sludge into 210,000 litres per year of TCR® crude oil and up to 30,000 kg of green hydrogen. The system is placed in Hohenburg(Bavaria, Germany). This is the first of its kind for processing organic industrial wastes directly into transportation biofuels, and it will be a showcase for future sustainable investment and economic growth across Europe.


This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 745749.